City resilience is "the capacity of individuals, communities, businesses and systems within a city to survive, adapt and thrive, no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience” - Resilient Sydney Strategy, 2018
Chronic stresses weaken the fabric of society and people’s ability to cope with life’s challenges over time. They include transport stress, unaffordable housing, family violence, climate change, economic downturns, mental health challenges, social isolation and lack of community connections.
Acute shocks are sudden, short-term events that threaten a city and some people’s own security. They include major storms, extended heatwaves, disease pandemics, bushfires, infrastructure failures (e.g. roads, power), cyber attacks.